Sunday, March 5, 2017

Over-the-counter Medications lists

Disclaimer: The following information does not represent medical advice; use the information at your own risk. Always seek professional help when you are unsure or if you have other medical conditions.
For the purpose of getting the correct medications, I will be placing the generic name of the drug as much as I can instead of brand names since the brand that we know here may be different from other countries. (eg. Tylenol in the US vs Panadol over here) I am not writing the dosage because dosage varies between adult and child, people with chronic conditions etc. Always ask your pharmacist for help with regards to the appropriate dosage.
Fever:
Paracetamol (Acetaminophen in the US)
Aspirin will also work but take note; it is not suitable for children under age 16.
Ibuprofen (Neurofen) also helps with fever. Can alternate with paracetamol.
Pain:
Oral Pain Medications:
NSAIDs: Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen
Take after food to reduce gastric discomfort or to take with famotidine.
Naproxen is usually not used in children less than 12 years old.
Caution in people taking blood thinners as it may increase risk of bleeding.
It is avoided for those who has asthma.
Do not take pain medications for more than a week consecutively unless directed by a doctor. If your pain has lasted this long, it is time to see a doctor.
Gel, Cream, Ointment, Spray, Plasters
2 types:
Counter-irritants: Methyl salicylate, camphor, menthol, capsaicin
Non counter-irritants: diclofenac, piroxicam, ketoprofen
Cold:
Runny nose:
Antihistamines: (Drowsy) Chlorpheniramine (Piriton), Diphenhydramine (Dimetapp), Triprolidine (Fedac)
(Non-drowsy) Cetirizine (Zyrtec), Loratidine (Clarityne), Desloratidine (Aerius),
Blocked nose: You may get these medications as they have decongestants added to help with both Blocked and runny nose.
Fexofenadine + pseudoephedrine HCl (Telfast D)
Cetirizine + Pseudoephedrine (Zyrtec D)
Nasal Drops: Use no longer than 3-5 days
Oxymetazoline (Afrin, Iliadin), Xylometazoline (Otrivin)
Sore Throat:
Local anesthetics:
Benzocaine (Dorithricin), Lidocaine (Trachisan, Strepsils Dual Action)
Local antiseptics:
Cetylpyridinium chloride (Cepacol, Difflam), Amylmetacresol (Strepsils Dual Action), Phenol (Cepastat)
Anti-inflammatory and pain relief:
Benzydamine (Difflam)
Others:
Lysozyme (Leftose)
Cough:
Without Phelgm: Codeine (Procodin), Dextromethorphan (Tussidex, Robitussin), Pholcodine (Duro-Tuss)
With Phelgm: Expectorant:
(Non Drowsy) Guaifenesin (Actifed, Robitussin)
(Drowsy) Diphenhydramine
Mucolytics:
Acetylcysteine (Fluimucil), Ambroxol (Mucosolvan), Bromhexine (Duro-tuss, Vasican), Carbocisteine (Rhinathiol)